Click on the subdomain titles to examine the range of skills and concepts a student can expect to demonstrate for assessment of this Domain:
Anatomy and Physiology II
- The graduate determines levels of blood metabolites, determines the effect of diet on blood levels of metabolites, explains regulation of blood glucose, recognizes the effect of exercise on plasma glucose levels, and recognizes the effect of diabetes on plasma glucose and ketones.
- The graduate determines the effects of given factors on enzyme action and explains specific effects of given types of enzyme activity.
- The graduate determines the effect of given levels of hydration on urine output, explains factors affecting urine output, and explains how diabetes affects the need for fluid intake.
- The graduate measures properties of ventilation and gas exchange, can discuss the role of gas pressure and pH on ventilation, calculates measure of effective heart functioning, recognizes the effect of exercise on cardiac function, and discusses how cardiac and pulmonary function maintain states of homeostasis in oxygenation.
- The graduate measures muscle stimulation, recognizes the effect of muscle fiber length and stimulus on muscle contraction, and explains how botulism affects muscle contraction.
Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory
- The graduate identifies major tissues of the body using the microscope, describes the role of histology in understanding anatomy and physiology, and recognizes how structure affects function in the tissues of the body.
- The graduate identifies structures of the male and female reproductive systems, compares spermatogenesis and oogenesis, recognizes stages and characteristics of normal human development, and discusses how disease affects the reproductive system.
- The graduate completes microscopic examinations of the membranes of the body, describes membranes, their function and location, and recognizes how disease affects the membranes of the body.
- The graduate uses laboratory movement, observation and dissection to investigate the structure and function of joints and describes the effect of injury on joints.
- The graduate recognizes major structures of the nervous system, completes dissection of a sheep brain and eye, and recognizes the relationships between taste and smell, and hearing and balance.
- The graduate recognizes how the structure of endocrine glands relates to function, can explain how hormones maintain homeostasis, and describes the effect of disease on the working of the endocrine system.
- The graduate identifies common components of the blood and cardiovascular system, determines blood type and Rh, and describes the structure and function of the heart and blood vessels.
- The graduate identifies the structures of the respiratory system, distinguishes normal from diseased respiratory tissue, defines and measures lung functional capacities, and explains how disease affects the respiratory system.
- The graduate identifies structures of the digestive system, relates structure to function, explains how enzymes affect digestion, and explains how disease affects the structure and function of the digestive tract.
- The graduate identifies structures of the urinary system, relates structure to function, completes a urinalysis, and explains the effect of disease on the urinary system.
- The graduate recognizes types and characteristics of microorganisms; performs biochemical tests; and recognizes principles of osmosis.
- The graduate identifies the structure, function, and transmission of bacteria and their role in pathogenesis; recognizes how bacteria can be beneficial or detrimental (or both) to humans; and solves cases involving how bacterial spread in humans.
- The graduate recognizes how the structure, function, and transmission of viruses affect humans; applies knowledge of how viruses spread in humans; and solves cases involving viral infections.
- The graduate identifies characteristics, structures, and functions of common molds, yeasts, and fungi; recognizes how the structure, function, and transmission of fungi affect humans; and solves cases involving how fungi spread in humans.
- The graduate recognizes how the structure, function, and transmission of protozoa and parasites can be detrimental to humans; and solves cases involving how protozoa and parasites spread in humans.
- The graduate recognizes the origin and transmission of organisms in the environment and the adaptability of microbes; describes growth patterns of microbes and the elements necessary for the spread of infection; and determines possible hosts for given pathogens.
- The graduate recognizes basic principles of antimicrobial therapy, antibiotic resistance, selective toxicity, and the use of different types of antimicrobials; and conducts the antibiotic sensitivity test and the Kriby-Bauer test.
- The graduate recognizes how the growth of microorganisms can be controlled.
- The graduate uses appropriate techniques or procedures for interacting with microorganisms in a clinic, laboratory, or community setting; and utilizes basic laboratory techniques for identifying microorganisms; demonstrates proper laboratory techniques in microbiology including sterile technique, staining techniques, aseptic technique, and chemical indicators; recognizes types of culture media and when to use each.
- The graduate recognizes healthy eating patterns as defined by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the My Pyramid Food guide; explains the importance of sound nutrition in promoting and maintaining good health; and recognizes cultural sensitivities pertaining to variation in diet.
- The graduate recognizes energy-yielding macronutrients and their role in body functions; assesses the daily need, energy value, and healthy distribution for macronutrients in the diet and the sources of each; and recognizes health hazards in overconsumption of macronutrients.
- The graduate identifies micronutrients essential to human health and recognizes manifestations of deficiency and/or toxicity; selects assessment tools for evaluating micronutrient content; and evaluates need for dietary supplements.
- The graduate applies principles of basic nutrition to nutrition assessment of patients; describes the appropriate use of anthropometric tools to assess nutritional status; explains factors that influence individual dietary habits; discusses the importance of nutritional education; and recognizes cultural sensitivities that may influence nutritional assessment.
- The graduate identifies barriers to digestion specific to different ethnic groups; describes the process of catabolic and anabolic metabolism as it pertains to energy-yielding nutrients; nutrient absorption; and recognizes factors that affect overall rate of metabolism.