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Librarian Career Guide

How to Become a Librarian

As an advocate in a wide variety of print and online media settings, librarians help leverage information to serve the public’s research needs. Librarians maintain responsibility for a comprehensive variety of resources — from encyclopedias to digital archives — and are trained to preserve materials and help visitors find them.

The role of a librarian can vary, as duties change based on the location of the library itself. For example, the role of a university or school librarian might vary considerably from a public librarian, all depending on the needs of their guests. Anyone proficient in information science, with a love for communication and the preservation of timeless resources, should consider a rewarding career as a librarian. 

What Is a Librarian?

Fulfilling the role of a librarian means far more than returning books to shelves and organizing books by an author’s last name. Rather, it’s a role that means helping library visitors effectively use a library’s resources, while at the same time protecting those resources for future use.

What Does a Librarian Do?

Librarians are primarily responsible for helping visitors effectively find, and use, a library’s resources. They also play pivotal roles in protecting these resources, so that they are made continually available for all library visitors. The specific responsibilities of a librarian can include:

  • Maintaining library archives for personal and professional use.
  • Assisting library visitors in finding, and using, all library media.
  • Directing researchers to resources that will aid in academic and professional project completion.
  • Processing and cataloging library media for easy reference whenever needed.
  • Handling manuscripts and assorted documents of importance.
  • Troubleshooting issues with electronic databases or online connectivity.
  • Interpreting online archives and library catalogs for visitors searching for specific materials.

These responsibilities make librarians primarily responsible for some of the most important books, documents, and electronic resources available worldwide.

Where Do Librarians Work?

Except in rare cases, librarians will work onsite at the library which employs them. A majority of their job duties require an onsite presence, especially when it comes to appropriately cataloging resources for helping library visitors find materials that interest them.

Depending on a librarian’s specialization, they might find themselves working in a variety of different applications. These locations can include:

  • Hospitals
  • Medical schools
  • Universities
  • Middle schools
  • Public and private libraries
  • State or federal archives

A librarian’s title is often indicative of their place of work. For example, a medical librarian will often work in a hospital or medical library, whereas a school librarian frequently finds employment in an academic setting.

What Education Does a Librarian Need?

The career of a librarian represents a specialized position, and requires a high level of associated schooling. This includes either a degree in library science or a closely related field, to familiarize the student with basic aspects of library research and functionality.

Librarians employed in an academic setting may require further schooling, often satisfied by an online teaching degree. Students can further improve their chances for hire as a school librarian by earning a master’s degree in education. These degrees familiarize aspiring librarians with important educational components of the role, especially for librarians that will be regularly interpreting resources for younger students.

Best Degrees for Librarians

Learning and Technology – M.Ed.

An online master's degree for current teachers or others looking...

An online master's degree for current teachers or...

An online master's degree for current teachers or others looking to further their careers with a graduate program focused on integrating technology with instructional design principles.

No teaching license required.

  • Time: 73% of grads earned this degree within 18 months.
  • Tuition and fees: $3,635 per 6-month term.

Coursework in this program covers the following areas of study:

  • Instructional design
  • Research fundamentals
  • Technology integration

Harness the power of technology to teach more kids in better ways with this education master's degree.

Instructional Design – M.Ed.

An online master's degree for current teachers and others...

An online master's degree for current teachers...

An online master's degree for current teachers and others looking to further their careers with a graduate program focused on designing top-notch curriculum.

No teaching license required.

  • Time: 87% of grads earned this degree within 24 months.
  • Tuition and fees: $3,635 per 6-month term.

Coursework in this program covers the following areas of study:

  • Instructional design
  • Research fundamentals
  • Measurement and evaluation

Improve teaching, training and learning. Learn to build better curriculum with this education master's degree.

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What Skills Does a Librarian Need?

Librarians depend on a variety of skills each day, to help library visitors find the resources they need. These skills can include:

  • Critical thinking: the ability to comprehend the needs behind a visitor’s request, and locate resources to help them further their research efforts.
  • Information science: the ability to create and implement processes for storing and retrieving library media.
  • Basic mathematical skills.
  • Computer usage: the ability to use all library databases, relevant search engines, internet resources, and content processing tools.
  • Effective communication: the ability to correspond efficiently with fellow librarians, library volunteers, students, and any other library visitors.
  • Library programming: the ability to implement and participate in library services and programs that engage community members and foster a love for library resources.

Librarians regularly put the above skill set to work, combining a love for library resources with the capacity to connect visitors with any materials they’re looking for.

How Much Does a Librarian Make?


Total librarian earnings will vary, based on factors that include their years of experience, the library of employment, specific information science skills, and other influences. The average librarian salary is $60,820 per year, with a range of roughly $34,820 to $97,460, according to data from the BLS.

The exact salary of a librarian can also depend on their field. For example, a librarian employed by a college or university earned an average of $65,120 per year as of May 2020. A medical librarian’s salary averaged $54,890 during the same timespan.

What Is the Projected Job Growth?


As communities continue to rely on libraries not only for media, but for a wide variety of programs and services, the outlook for a librarian remains positive. The BLS projects that demand for librarians will see a 5% growth rate from 2019 to 2029.

The continued demand for librarians comes as the position itself experiences change. The increase in technology-based resources and materials has required librarians to familiarize themselves with an increasingly wide range of electronic platforms. Despite the newfound popularity of online media and databases, library visitors still require help in finding — and using — these materials, making the position of librarian as indispensable as ever.

Do I Need Certification for this Position?


While certifications are not always required, some states may require them before a librarian can be hired. If you’re seeking employment as a librarian in any of the 12 states that require regional licensure, additional state-specific certifications might also be needed.


Interested in Becoming a Librarian?

Learn more about degree programs that can prepare you for this meaningful career.

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